The scientific explanation is that the impregnated Ambrosia Beetle burrows into the maple tree (presumably for a safe place to deposit larvae), carrying fungi on its feet into the wood — which serves as food for the insect’s offspring, when they hatch. Such boards can command serious money with electric guitar builders. The heartwood is a reddish-brown color, with prominent, irregular black lines and flecks. Comments: Bubinga is well known for its use as a rosewood substitute. (Sapwood is easily distinguishable, with its pale yellow coloration.) Also known as “Satine,” Bloodwood is an exotic South American import that continues to grow in popularity here in the states. Although its texture is medium to coarse, it has a high degree of natural luster and can display figure and chatoyance. Tulipwood. Sustainability: Andiroba is not listed in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, although a single species from Ecuador, Carapa Megistocarpa, is listed as endangered due to a population reduction of over 50% in the past three generations, caused by a decline in its natural range. The wood has a high natural oil content, which can make it difficult to glue but gives it a beautiful luster and renders an excellent finish. It turns and finishes well, although gluing can be problematic, due to the natural oil content of the wood. Comments: Not readily available, and something quite unique to have in your collection. We're … Its nickname, “African Rosewood,” can be very misleading, as the wood is not of the Dalbergia species, and not all wood sold as “African Rosewood” is Bubinga (or is even of the Guibourtia species). (Quartersawn pieces can be very dramatic.) It is renowned for its strength and durability. Comments: Ipe is well known in flooring, as the wood is virtually impossible to wear out. Its heartwood can range from yellow to pink to orange. Its visual similarities are where the comparisons end, as the wood is considerably heavier and generally around twice as dense and hard as a typical true mahogany species. Common Uses: Veneer, inlay work, marquetry, turnery, bandings, jewelry boxes, small specialty items. Comments: Perhaps the most sought-after exotic wood in the world, as it is the traditional fingerboard “wood of choice” for orchestral stringed instruments (violins, violas, cellos, etc.) It has beautiful finishing characteristics and a rich natural luster. Comments: Its tough, very durable nature makes it a natural choice for more demanding applications, such as flooring — where it remains a popular choice in the US. (One of Ipe’s “trade names” in the flooring industry is “Brazilian Walnut,” though it has no relation to its Juglans-genus namesake.) Comments: Amazon Rosewood will usually sink in fresh water; Brazilian Rosewood, if properly dried, should float. Common Uses: Veneer, cabinetry, fine furniture, musical instruments, turned objects, and other small specialty items. It’s dark, savory red tones, untypically, do not fade, mute or darken much over time. Finding figured pieces is not uncommon. Surfboards are a great example of beautifully crafted projects that can be made of Balsa wood. Its sapwood is easy to distinguish, being considerably paler in color. Its ‘mahogany substitute’ status is a valid, justified one: the wood possesses many of the same structural and aesthetic qualities as Honduran Mahogany. Its impressive strength-to-weight ratio and excellent working properties makes it ideal for all varieties of construction applications. Known in the US primarily as “Genuine Mahogany,” Swietenia Macrophylla, its scientific name, is what most in the exotic lumber industry consider to be the true species when referring to “Mahogany.” Historically, it has been a very economically important wood throughout the Latin America region. It is quite dimensionally stable and fairly easy to work except when the pieces are highly figured or have heavily interlocked grains. Common Uses: Religious symbolic / functional objects (typically carvings or turnings), furniture, veneer, musical instruments, carvings, turned objects, and small specialty wood items. The grain is generally straight but can be interlocked; its texture is moderately fine. Comments: If you’re a guitarist who likes the look of ebony, but prefers a softer feel, Indian Ebony might be the perfect choice. Tiny pockets of small void areas, also, are not uncommon along the darker striped areas — especially among flatsawn boards. Along with Hickory and Oak, Ash is one of the most commonly used utility woods in the US. What Happens if Your Credit Card Chip Isn’t Reading, The 20 Best Things to Do in Fairbanks, Alaska, for First Timers, A Traveler’s Guide to Hiking in Queens, NY. The wood is popular with carvers who know of it, as its lack of density makes it very easy to work, the wood has excellent dimensional stability and it holds a stain or finish very well. It has a fine, even texture and a high natural luster. It is an excellent turning wood, and it stains, glues and finishes well. This makes it a very versatile wood, suitable for a host of different applications. They are often woven into necklaces, or made into trinkets and sold as curios. ), also. Ebony wood, species Diospyros crassiflora, (sometimes also referred to as zebrawood) is the most expensive, rarest and most exotic type of wood in the world. Since never viewed as a commercially viable timber — despite being indigenous to the US — boards and even craft- and turning-sized pieces are not that commonly offered here. Common Uses: Small ornamental items, such as piano keys and other musical instrument parts; stringed instrument figerboards; pool cues; carvings; turned objects; and other small specialty items. Common Uses: Chests, closet and chest linings, carvings, outdoor furniture, fence posts, birdhouses, pencils, bows, humidors and other small wooden specialty items. Comments: Honduran Rosewood has grown difficult to obtain in recent years, due to a poaching epidemic in Belize which victimized the species in 2011 and 2012. Mexican Cocobolo and the Nicaraguan “Black Coco” are the two preferred varieties with furniture craftsmen. In addition to its constant demand with veneer mills, it is highly-prized by guitar luthiers: its great density gives the wood tremendous resonance, making it ideally suited for acoustic guitar back-and-sides or fretboards. Garrett by trade is a personal finance freelance writer and journalist. Not unlike its American cousin, Black Walnut, it typically has straight grain patterns (which can also occasionally be irregular), a medium to course texture and a good natural luster. Ebony wood, species Diospyros crassiflora, (sometimes also referred to as zebrawood) is the most expensive, rarest and most exotic type of wood in the world. The wood earned its “… Rosewood” nicknames (by which it is commonly known) because its colors and density are similar, which its medium brown base typically augmented by black streaks or grain lines, and sometimes even purple, tan and golden secondary hues, and sometimes a purplish tint, overall. Marblewood is also known for its high natural resin content; proper, complete kiln drying is essential for applications which involve finishing. This type of wood made the news even back in 2009 when its rarity skyrocketed its price tag. Like its many cousins, quartersawn examples display varying amounts of its renowned “ray fleck” patterns. Although its population was considered threatened from over-exploitation in the first half of the 20th century, a concerted effort was made to preserve the species and expand its natural range. But, Pernambuco — or “Brazilwood,” as it is just as commonly known — is responsible for the naming of the country, itself! The... Its heartwood is cream to salmon colored, highlighted by striping which can be any combination of red, violet, purple, pink and rose hues. Siamese Rosewood, a.k.a. The same sources list Bocote’s Janka Hardness at 2200 lbf, also, and the Hon Rw examples we have handled are far more dense than any Bocote. Comments: This is another wood that is sometimes utilized as a ‘mahogany substitute.’ It is generally very cooperative when worked and it turns well, also. Comments: It is also important to note that this lumber is waterproof, which is why, historically, it has been utilized in Japanese boat and shipbuilding; and has been prized for centuries across its indigenous regions. Ziricote is one of the most popular, visually striking exotic woods in the world. The wood’s very high oil content yields a magnificent natural luster when sanded, although, as would be expected, this characteristic can pose challenges when gluing. The wood has a very low shrinkage rate, and is renowned for dimensional stability. While its dense, hard, heavy physical nature makes it rough on blades and sometimes difficult to glue, it turns very smoothly and is extremely stable and durable. Natural forests in Japan that include this species are now very rare, with the bulk of Cryptomeria timber coming from commerical tree plantations. Ebony – $ 10,000 Per Kilogram. Birch, Masur. Heart Pine is typically reclaimed old growth pine. Rare Kingwood and Tulipwood … Most all of the major US flooring websites that offer this wood share the exact same descriptions and specs, obviously copied one from another. Sustainability: Not listed in the CITES Appendices, however Juglans Neotropica is classified as “Endangered” on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. It has a medium texture, with open, medium-sized pores. Its modest price tag makes it an inviting choice, although highly-figured (such as waterfall and pommele) pieces can sometimes command very high prices. While some furniture is made from relatively commonplace wood, other pieces are made from wood that is not only extremely hard to find, but in many cases, difficult to work with. Common Uses: Veneer, carving, furniture, interior trim, boxes, and crates. Ambrosia Maple is a general term attached to a variety of Acer (true maple) species whose boards included colorful bug “trails” — caused by a fungus carried by the Ambrosia Beetle which penetrates the tree sap as the beetle eats into the tree, and it spreads both through the worm hole and up and down in the tree (carried along by the sap) and causes discoloring of the wood in streaks. Limba has been an important wood in Africa due in part to its universal popularity. Common Uses: Veneer, cabinetry, fine furniture, musical instruments (mostly guitars), and turned objects. An excellent selection of some of the most beautiful woods in the world. Amara is known for its deep chocolate browns with pink striping; the difference in its coloration and that of typical Macassar Ebony being attributed to the soil conditions in Indonesia. (Its color darkens as it ages.) Common Uses: Veneer, plywood, turned items, furniture, boatbuilding, electric guitar building, and interior trim. We view Indonesian Rosewood as a completely different species of Dalbergia, and see the topic as certainly worthy of further botanical investigation. Comments: Marblewood derives its name from the contrasting dark streaks and light color, giving an appearance similar to that of marble. (It is an historical favorite among Italian wine producers.) Pau Ferro, Bolivian Rosewood and Morado are the most common. Common Uses: Exterior construction, docks, boatbuilding, interior trim, and veneer. Sustainability: Not listed in the CITES Appendices, but is listed as “Endangered” on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Importation to the US has been through very limited, select channels, on an irregular basis, for a number of years. Comments: Koa is considered to be one of Hawaii?s most attractive native hardwoods. Sustainability: Not listed in the CITES Appendices; categorized on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species as a species of “least concern.”. It is extremely beautiful, ranging in color from dark red to reddish brown, with an irregular grain pattern. Common Uses: Veneer, furniture, cabinetry, turned objects, and other small speciality wood items. Sapwood can range from a dull tan to a light golden brown, or sometimes even a muted orange, peach or light pink. The wood has become increasingly more popular with veneer manufacturers, furniture craftsmen and guitar luthiers over the course of the last two decades, as it is a very durable, easy-to-work and -finish wood that is moderately priced for an exotic import. Comments: Wikipedia had this to say with regard to Dalbergia Cochichinensis:  “Siamese rosewood is denser than water, fine grained, and high in oils and resins. Common Uses: Veneers, musical instruments, gun & knife handles, turned objects, and specialty items. Here you will find a list of tree-related articles. Its figuring can be quite dramatic; tiger-striped, veined, fiddleback and sometimes even quilt figuring are sometimes present. East Indian (or Ceylon Satinwood) Satinwood is a truly exquisite tropical hardwood. The takeaway from that is that you end up paying more for each piece of furniture, but you’re also more likely to have it for a much longer period of time. Hardwood colors can range from a light golden brown to various dark shades of brown; streak and highlights of various differing colors is not uncommon. 1. Sap colors can range fron tan to a dull light gray, and is clearly demarcated. While it is most commonly found in the softer maples, it is also seen regularly in Hard Maples, which is what we offer. Wood Types. It’s not unusual, at all, to find pieces with major surface checks and cracks that occur even while under wax. Its grains are typically either straight or interlocked. African Blackwood has been topping the charts of the world’s most expensive wood for quite a few years now. Highly-figured lumber is not uncommon, nor are pieces with a shimmering chatoyance, reminiscent of Koa. We're … It is known for its typically robust reddish-brown coloration (which darkens with age), although colors can range from a bright orange to a slightly muted burgundy often with highlights, grain lines and/or secondary colors ranging from brick red to a more purplish muted hue. Prices for it are significantly less than its genuine counterpart; with the current export restrictions being imposed on mahoganies in Central America, Sapele (despite being exported from Africa) has become much easier to source. The wood has become hugely popular and constantly in demand with veneer mills, furniture craftsmen — who love building desks and conference tables with the often stunning, huge slabs — and progressive guitar luthiers. : “When Portuguese ships discovered the trees on the coast of South America, they found that the wood yielded a red dye?which made for a very valuable and lucrative trading commodity. (It is still very popular throughout Southern Africa for indoor carpentry and floors, as it is also dimensionally stable.) It is generally a bit lighter colored, with heartwood ranging from the lighter to darkers sides of medium brown, with dark brown to black streaks and/or highlighted grain lines. Comments: Despite being one of the most dense, stable and durable woods on the planet, Mopane remains one of Africa’s best-kept secrets. Its typically fine (sometimes medium or in between), consistent texture takes on a luxurious look, revealing a deep natural luster, when sanded. (Species of the Pyrus Communis tree have been transplanted all over the United States, primarily for its fruit production — the “Bartlett Pear.”) European furniture and cabinet makers utilize it in much the same way as American craftsman do Black Cherry. Swiss Pear is commonly steamed, to provide a more smooth, consistent pink color, and to relieve stress within the wood, so it dries flat. Sapwood typically has a yellow tint and is commonly seen in boards. We stock roots, but the details we provide are for the timber. It works, turns and finishes easily, and beautifully, although boards which feature interlocked grains can occasionally pose tearout issues when planing, joining or resawing. Our Thuya Burl comes from Morocco. Comments: For more than a century, Hard Maple has remained the preferred choice for commercial flooring in the US for applications — such as gymnasiums, bowling alleys, dance halls and any more — where light-color, strength and toughness are requisite qualities. Sustainability: This species is listed in CITES Appendix II but not on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species; although there have been some rumblings that this status could be changing, amidst a downturn in (US) supply over the last year or so. The very small logs (if you can even call them that) its trees produce are often cracked, from its tough, dense nature. However, for those few individuals that do choose to take on this project, truly beautiful products are usually made. Its grains are typically straight, but can be slightly interlocked. Its grains are straight, and its texture is uniform and fine-grained, with a satin-like luster. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Common Uses: Veneer, musical instruments, furniture, cabinetry, flooring, interior trim, turnings, and other small specialty wood objects. Sandalwood – $ 20,000 Per Kilogram Its grains are generally straight or irregular, and its texture is fine. The heartwood is pale yellowish brown, and not easy to distinguish from the sapwood; reddish streaks are sometimes present (in the heart). If repairing or reusing old wood isn't possible, here's a guide to buying new timber. While possessing a moderate hardness and density, it has generally cooperative working properties, but can gum up cutters and blades. Trending pages Common Uses: Furniture, cabinetry, gunstocks, interior paneling, interior trim, musical instruments, veneer, turnings, and small specialty items. Betula spp. (Seeds taken from the pods the trees produce are in great demand in Africa, for use as ornaments and charms. Trees can grow to towering proportions, so the larger specimens are often cut into large, live-edge slabs. The Sassafras genus is renowned for and distinguished by its aromatic properties. Yellowheart is a neo-satine wood whose color can range from pale yellow to bright yellow to varying shades of gold. Comments: A number of examples feature “landscape” grain patterns, giving credence to the school of thought that perhaps the wood is some sort of Malaysian Blackwood-Macassar Ebony hybrid, or is at least worthy of its own species designation. Comments: There continues to be a steady demand for Padauk in the US. Engelmann Spruce is typically a high-altitude mountain evergreen tree, indigenous to the mountainous regions of western North America, with scattered, isolated distribution in surrounding lower-level areas. It doesn't matter what your skills are, we aim to provide friendly service and advice. As is the paradoxical case with all maples, its beautiful pale white / pale yellow / pale golden sapwood are more coveted than its darker heartwood. "Literally. Please note the Good Wood Guide was produced in 1997, so some of the information may no longer be correct. Sustainability: This species is listed in CITES Appendix II, and is categorized as “Vulnerable” on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species; part of the Dalbergia -genus worldwide exportation ban. Super-strong, white oak features stainable, straight-grained wood with heartwood that resists decay. (Incense is derived from its leaves.). Common Uses: Flooring, furniture, cabinetry, musical instruments, tool handles, shipbuilding, railroad ties, turned objects, and other small specialty items. Hickory is perhaps best known for its pivotal role in “the great American past-time,” as it remains the primary wood used in the production of baseball bats. ), inlay, carving, tool handles, and other turned objects. This is an oak hardwood species not often seen or found in great abundance outside of Western & Southwestern Europe. Picture Information. Sustainability: This species is not currently listed in the CITES Appendices but is listed on the IUCN Red List as being a species of least concern. Brown Ebony is not a true Ebony and it is slightly odd that this species derives its name from a genus generally known for its black coloring. It is the harvested tree’s bark which is poisonous to the touch (essentially, in the same way as Poison Ivy); once the lumber has been processed, there are no harmful effects from handling the resawn boards. 1. Given this, it’s little wonder that finding any Pink or Red Ivory beyond small craft-sized pieces has proven a very difficult task in the US. Darker colored stripes in patterns (which can be symmetrical or irregular) are how the comparisons to Zebrano are drawn, although they are related: each of their respective genera are part of the Detarieae tribe, in the subfamily, Caesalpinioideae. 10. Despite its relatively light weight and density, it is a very durable and quite versatile species — having seen duty in numerous indoor and outdoor applications. Across the midwest, from the 1950’s through the ’70’s, the population of Elms was decimated. Its heartwood varies from a muted yellow-orange to orange to red or reddish-brown, and it slowly darkens with age. A variety of different, quite strunning figures often decorate its grains (pommelle, waterfall, mottled and wildly flamed); its base color can range from a lighter pinkish red to light- to medium-brown. Beware of other species, similar in color and density, being sold as boxwood. Frequently used shapes where flowers and birds. Many exotic wood such as satinwood, ebony and tulipwood were used for marquetry. Celestia; Starmetal - See Green Starmetal; Stygian ice - Deals wisdom rather than consitution damage; Targath - Soft metal that when carried helps the bearer resist disease; Thinaun - traps soul of those slain by it However he does like to take on other topics involving some of his personal interests like automobiles, future technologies, and anything else that could change the world. Comments: Trees rarely make it much passed 20 feet in height; trunk diameters max out at only 6 inches in diameter. Its dark neutral color and ability to hold detail makes it very popular with wood turners and carvers, also. Grains can be straight, wavy or interlocked; its texture ranges from fine to medium, with a nice natural luster. Like most products of nature, no two slabs of wood are alike. The species is / has been cultivated in many places; it’s considered “naturalized” in the Mediterranean coast countries, as well as in Argentina, Saudi Arabia, Java (Indonesia), Norfolk Island, (the U.S. state) California, and Bermuda. (… thus the name. In its native Africa, this handsome, rot- and bug-resistant, very durable wood has been used as a substitute for Teak (thus earning its nickname, “African Teak”). Here you will find a list of tree-related articles. These properties make the wood dimensionally stable, hard wearing, rot and insect resistant, and when new, highly fragrant. Despite being rather grainy and pourous, it sands very smooth, revealing a pleasing natural luster. Cherry wood is renowned among woodworkers and furniture … Boards with larger concentrations of birdseyes are, obviously, more sought after and, thus, command greater prices than more sparsely decorated pieces. . Comments: Castelo Boxwood is not an easy one to source in the US. It is listed as “Vulnerable,” due to a population reduction of over 20% in the past three generations. Products and items produced with this wood do best when a hardening protective finish is applied, and the wood is very good at maintaining its original color when such a clear finish is administered. But after being first discovered in 1500 by Portugese explorers, the trees and its wood become highly coveted and traded throughout Europe for the red dye it produced. Zebrawood is a tough, durable, visually striking West African wood whose heartwood base color — which can range from tan to a dull pale yellow, to a muted off-white / almost gray hue, depending on specific region and consitions of growth — is decorated by dark brown striping of varying degrees (ranging to almost black), hince its name. It is a very dense wood, with grains which are typically wavy or interlocked, and moderately course. Palms are known for their signature trunks, with gradually shrink in diameter, from the ground to its top. Common Uses: Inlays, veneers, musical instruments, tool handles, gun & knife handles, turned objects, and specialty items. Common Uses: Flooring, furniture, interior trim, veneer and heavy construction. Its splinters can be like little razors and when one pentetrates the skin, it is quite painful and the area can quickly and easily get infected, if quick action isn’t taken to remove it (the splinter) and sterilize the area. Sustainability: This species is not listed in the CITES Appendices, but is listed as “Vulnerable” on the IUCN Red List. Common Uses: Cabinetry, furniture, interior trim, flooring, veneer, utility, handles and interior utility applications. It glues and finishes very well. With colors ranging from its typically golden brown base, to its dark brown- and black-striped accents, the surface of Bocote is perhaps best known for the many tiny “eyes” adorning the grain patterns of the highly-decorated, more visually stunning examples of the species. *Due to cites restrictions, we are unable to ship Afrormosia internationally. The striping is random and irregular; no two patterns are ever alike. Sustainability: Not listed in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List. Trees produce are in great abundance outside of Africa than heartwood. ) is extracted the. Best results are always in short supply and sell at a premium price ) chances are, without,. Tornillo, ” Due to its respective page 10 – pink Ivory remains one of most. Introduced to Europe in 1822, and clearly demarcated it exhibits after aging often! Very dimensionally stable wood with large pores pots, dye, archery bows, veneers, instruments. 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