Oats tend to show a little more protein than orchard grass. Anderson explains that nitrates occur naturally in all forages. Oat milk. Next to pasture, good quality hay is the most ideal feed. Rain is good but can leave you with moldy hay. Usage has been primarily in dry and transition cow diets and replacement heifer diets, but there is some usage even in diets for lactating cows. "Horses love it because there is a surprise in almost every bite," Goodnight said. There are numerous varieties of bermudagrass, both seeded (common, Cheyenne, Wrangler) and hybrid (Tifton 85, Coastal, Jiggs, etc.). Potential for early-term abortions or reduced breeding performance. In this region, oats are dry-farmed for use as a cattle and horse feed. 1130-2260 Limit feed to 25-50 percent of ration for non-pregnant livestock. we stoped feeding our pregnant cows grain this year, only a protein lick (16%) and hay. There is always some risk of nitrate poisoning, however, if cereal grain hays are harvested after a spurt of growth following a drought period. Protein requirements for pregnant cows increase during later stages of gestation, and are even higher for young cows. D uring winter, drought or any other times that animals do not have adequate pasture, hay is the mainstay of diet for cattle. Oat Straw. This is interesting. For example, almond milk is good than raw milk in pregnancy. Oat hay is also quite high in sugar, so it is not a good option for insulin resistant horses. 0.60 . Feed with nitrate levels less than 1,500 ppm are considered safe for other classes of cattle. If you are considering purchasing this type of hay, it can be tested for nitrate content. 0.26 . If hays cannot be mixed properly, it is better to feed the low-nitrate hay first. 5. Haybet barley is the best but belford will do as well just a little heavier in stem. There needs to be caution when feeding high nitrate forage to Anderson recommends that feeding moldy hay should be minimized as much as possible to the more sensitive animals like horses and pregnant cows. 5.4 . >2260 Do not feed. This oat hay produces a high protein feed suitable for cattle, horses and sheep. Alfalfa has a high level of calcium, important for young cattle and lactating cows. In addition to limiting the level of wheat fed, feeding with other grains such as corn, coarse processing, adapting cattle slowly and good bunk management have been shown to be helpful when utilizing wheat in the ration. In addition to health risk for livestock, farmers that inhale moldy hay may contract farmer’s lung. Add to Favorites . All cattle are susceptible, but younger cattle seem to be more susceptible than mature cows. Cows are the owners of many parasites.Due to intoxication of the body with the products of helminthic activity, diarrhea can occur. If you are keeping the young cows (the ones that will be first and second calvers) separate from the main herd, they can be supplemented with protein, if needed, without having to supplement the whole herd. Thanks for the breakdown. (October 6, 2015) A. It is made from oats and, depending on the stage of maturity at harvest, the hay may be a very good source of digestible energy; however, if it was very mature at harvest and most of the grain has shattered and is gone, the feeding value will be reduced. Do you have any suggestions for feeding high nitrate forage? Can I still feed this to my cows? These animals have the lowest nutritional requirements of any in the herd. In addition to feeding oats as a grain ration, oat hay can make a good forage for horses. Oat hay bailed in the boot stage is hot enough that you can't feed it free choice to horses. If you will be feeding cane, millet, or oat hay to your cows this winter, University of Nebraska’s Bruce Anderson says to be cautions so high nitrate levels won’t kill your cows or cause abortions. Acute symptoms and death. This usually amounts to 150 to 180 lb. our first calf was 82 lbs and he was up and nursing while he was still wet with all the vigor that you could handle. The cow is still producing enough milk for him to take all he needs and then some. They need enough feed to gain weight equal to the weight of the calf and calf bed. Do not feed to pregnant animals – may cause abortions, weak calves, and reduced milk production. Cows in good condition in the fall do not need to gain actual body weight. Pregnant cows may abort or give birth to stillborn calves if they are consuming moldy sweet clover hay. 43 . It might also help control food cravings, monitor sugar levels in the blood, and help in transporting oxygen to the cells. The oat crop is grown specifically for hay instead of harvested for grain. 48. The main dietary fiber that oat milk has is beta-glucan. Good grass hay that’s cut while green and growing can have a higher protein content than legume hay cut late. In the last trimester of pregnancy, the cow’s nutrient requirements also increase significantly. Bahiagrass (Paspalum notatum) is established from seed. Oat Hay is good if harvested without rain and timely. When oat forage is intended for hay, the level of N fertilizer should not be too high as excess N increases stem fibre levels (ADF and NDF) and decreases water soluble carbohydrates. Second, lactose-intolerant women don’t need to start drinking milk during pregnancy. 6.4 . Hay containing greater than 10 parts per million of dicoumarol should be fed with caution. Producer Question from 2015 Q. I have some sorghum sudan hay and oat hay that I tested for nitrates. Additionally, the stalks can be thick so some horses won’t eat it because of texture. Alfalfa hay is an economical protein supplement for cows in late pregnancy or after calving. Oat hay is the base of our hay program, we plant in October and bale in April. These straws are typically chopped prior to feeding and fed at a low inclusion rate in total mixed rations (TMR). Moving a cow from hay to fresh grass must be done gradually to avoid digestive upsets. Management issues for feeding hay with sweet clover Barley hay is suitable as an alternative forage for horses. It can be used as bedding, though. Oat grass is a common forage in the Western United States. Oat hay is often mixed with alfalfa to increase the oat health as well as the alfalfa production. Many other milk options are well-fortified with vitamins and also tasty. Flax Straw. The two factors most affecting hay quality is 1.) Older cattle eat more per unit body weight than younger cattle. In recent years, as market demands and cropping systems have changed, oats are more often being harvested as hay or silage for livestock. 0.08. Oat hay and Barley are a great alternative feed and I tell you what we swear by them when it get's cold all animals do well on it. Even if you have your very own cow at home and you’ve been drinking raw milk for years, skip it for the next few months. By Steve Barnhart, Department of Agronomy Oats have been an important crop in Iowa. The good news is that we are fortunate that due to all the rains in 2007, there is still lots of hay available in our area at reasonable prices. She explains that while cow’s milk is healthy for many people, it may not be as good for the environment since raising cows requires a lot of land, and cows themselves produce methane gas. Oat Hay. The high fiber content in oat milk could prevent constipation during pregnancy. Generally safe for non-pregnant livestock. Horses may experience respiratory or digestive issues. 2 years ago. Once the oat blooms, this hay no longer contains any nutritional value for a rabbit. With free choice min. Heavily pregnant cows cannot eat as much as dry or newly pregnant animals. For pregnant cows and heifers, nitrate levels below 1,000 ppm are considered safe. It tested on the high side of what is acceptable for level of nitrates to be fed to pregnant cows. Oat hay is a harvested forage or feed of stalks, leaves and heads from oat crop rather from grass or alfalfa. Was it harvested early in the season?and 2.) The type of straw used is primarily wheat straw, but oat, barley and triticale straws are also common. It will put weight back on those old rundown cows unreal too. Hay falls into several categories: grass, legume, mixed (containing grass and a legume) and cereal grain straw (such as oat hay). 0.19 During cold periods, the energy component of the ration needs to increase approximately 15-20% as the ambient temperature drops to -20 to –25 ºC. Mold spores can cause “farmer’s lung,” which results in the fungus growing in the lung tissue if it has been inhaled. 0.26 . For growing and finishing cattle, including an ionophore will help reduce overconsumption and acidosis. Oat hay. Also, unwashed root crops that an animal eats can become a cause of the disease. He was also 4 days late. The best candidates for straw feeding are mature dry cows in good body condition, up to six weeks away from calving. In the last trimester of pregnancy the cows nutrient requirements also increase significantly. Oat Straw: 4.5 : 48: 0.26 : 0.10: Flax Straw: 5.4 : 43 : 0.26 : 0.08: Pea Straw: 6.4 : 48: 0.60 : 0.19: During cold periods the energy component of the ration needs to increase approximately 15-20% as the ambient temperature drops to -20 to - 25 0C. Weigh some bales and have a test on it and the junk hay, then you can figure where to go with it. Types of Hay. Cereal grain crops (especially oats) can make good hay when cut while still green and growing, rather than waiting for the seed heads to mature for grain. Reading Time: 7 minutes B y H eather S mith T homas. Beef animals fed a pound of alfalfa hay per 100 pounds (45 kg) of body weight get most minerals and vitamins needed, if the alfalfa is grown on good soil. It’s important to avoid illness right now. Crude Protein min 7.00%; Crude Fat min 1.50%; Crude Fiber max 32.00%; Moisture max 15.00%; Barley Hay. Since oat straw is also the highest in energy content, it is the best choice for cow rations, followed by barley straw. This means that moldy hay may be unavoidable at times. This hay is made up of oat grass, which is harvested before blooming. and 10 lb.of oat hay.On that diet,his cows gained weight,increasing 1-1 1 ⁄ 2 body condition scores (BCS) in 60-70 days. Alfalfa Hay. Oat hay is high in fiber and the oats are already included in the feeding. This mass is lost the day the calf is born. was it baled without being rained on? Oat grass. Less of that around though. On oats we grew well over 30 tons of Magnum and I like that variety. This is a little different; it’s a legume, rather than grass. Cutting at the milky dough stage is the best compromise between high yield and high quality (Malik et al., 2011). 0.10. Pregnant cows may experience abortion. Oat hay analysis - Atascadero hay and feed.com. of gain in an average sized cow. Food intolerance occurs when a new feed is introduced into the livestock diet. provides good nutrition for cows during the growing season and is used extensively to produce hay for winter feeding. Similarly, rolling out hay or using bale processors for separate low- and high-nitrate hays can lead to some animals preferring the high-nitrate hay or to boss cows eating most of one type of hay and timid cows only getting the less palatable hay. Alfalfa hay is usually fed to larger animals. Limit use to 50 percent of ration for bred animals. 4.5 . At low levels, nitrates either are converted into microbial protein by bacteria in the rumen or they are excreted. The oats are planted in the spring of the year and cut and harvested for hay in the early summer. In addition to being a favored spring-planted companion or cover crop for forage seedings, they have historically been harvested as a cash grain crop. Oat hay is a reasonable forage for mature horses. 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